Dark circles are a common concern for both men and women of all age groups. The skin under the eye is very thin and you need to handle it very gently. Dark circles do not indicate any underlying medical condition, but many people opt to correct them to enhance their facial appearance. Dark circles are more commonly seen in people with darker skin tones, and elders.
There can be several causes and factors that can lead to dark circles. However, there are several treatment options available to get rid of dark circles.
Reasons for Dark Circles Under Eyes
The most common reason for dark circles is ageing. As you age, the skin under the eyes becomes thinner and the blood vessels under the skin appear more, making it look darker than usual.
Apart from age, there are several other causes of dark circles such as the following:
- Sleep patterns and fatigue: If you stay for longer hours before sleep, or oversleep can lead to dark circles under your eyes. If you are not able to get the required amount of sleep, the skin under the eyes becomes dull and the blood vessels under the skin become visible. Improper or poor sleep can also lead to the accumulation of fluid under the eyes and makes them appear puffy.
- Allergies: When you have an allergy, your body produces histamines as a response to bacteria. Histamine causes the dilation of blood vessels under the skin and hence they become more visible. Allergy also causes itching, irritation around the eyes, and swelling. This can further lead to dark circles under the eyes.
- Straining eyes: Watching television or sitting on the computer for a longer duration can strain your eyes and enlarge the blood vessels around the eyes. Hence, the skin under the eyes becomes dark.
- Exposure to sun: Overexposure to the sun causes the body to produce higher amounts of melanin. Hence, the skin around the eyes causes pigmentation and causes darkness.
- Dehydration: When the body does not receive the required amount of water, the skin under the eyes becomes dull and causes dark circles.
- Genes: Family history of dark circles can also increase the chances of dark circles under the eyes.
- Anaemia: Anaemia due to iron deficiency can also lead to under eye dark circles.
Different Medical Treatments for Dark Circles
The treatment for dark circles is based on the severity of the condition. Medical treatments offer an effective and permanent solution for dark circles. The treatments include:
- Topical creams: Skin-lightening agents such as kojic acid, glycolic acid, and hydroquinone can treat hyperpigmentation. Hence, creams that contain these agents can be used.
- Chemical peels: Chemical peels are effective at treating dark circles. But light chemical peels must be used as the skin under the eye is thin and it should be performed by a certified doctor.
- Fillers: Fillers can be used to regain lost volume, brighten the area under the eyes, and reduce shadows. Fillers are effective if dark circles are caused by the loss of fatty tissue or due to thinning of the skin.
- Laser treatments: There are several types of laser treatments for reducing shadows and dark circles. Some of the laser treatments can even promote collagen production.
- Surgery: Blepharoplasty is the surgical procedure used for treating dark circles caused due to fat deposits or accumulation of extra skin under the eyes. Before deciding on surgery, you should discuss with your doctor if surgery is suitable for your skin.
Visit IRA Radiance Skin and Hair Clinic to Treat Your Dark Circles
IRA Radiance Skin and Hair Clinic is one of the best clinics in Hyderabad for offering different cosmetic treatments. The clinic is led by Dr Raghu Ram Reddy and Dr Nikhil Reddy, who are experts at treating various skin and hair problems. We are well equipped with the latest tools and equipment to treat patients using less invasive procedures. To know more, call us today.